The Cahuilla, Serranos and Cupeno acquired the many species of large and small animals available in the area with throwing sticks, various types of traps, nets and snares, arrows, and sinew-backed bows. They also used poison. Baskets were the containers of choice for gathering plant products. These were used not only for transporting the plant products, but also for winnowing, cooking, and storing. Cooking in baskets was carried out by placing hot stones in food held in tightly woven baskets. While the adults and older children were carrying out their various tasks, babies lay or sat in baskets, sometimes carried by the mother, sometimes placed on the ground or a convenient rock. Although one might assume that pottery would have less use than basketry in a desert environment, a considerable number of pottery vessels have been found in the area, showing that pots were used for carrying and storage. Pottery vessels were useful for carrying water, the slight evaporation keeping the remaining water cool. Pottery was often used to cache precious or sacred property in caves when necessary. The mortars and pestles, manos and metates, and hammerstones used for pounding, and for grinding food were made by grinding the quartz manzonite and other rocks that were plentiful in most parts of the area. Flaked stone tools served a variety of other purposes. They included fire drills, awls, arrow-straighteners, flint knives, and scrapers. Horn and bone were used for spoons and stirrers. The Serranos kept warm in winter by wearing clothing made of animal hides, and sleeping under woven rabbitskin blankets. For ceremonial events, they used garments made or decorated with feathers, and made rattles made of turtle and tortoise shells, deer-hooves, rattlesnake rattles, and various cocoons. Wood rasps, bone whistles, bull-roarers, and flutes were used to make music to accompany the many songs and dances used in ceremonies. Baskets were not the only thing they wove. Using fibers from yucca, agave, and other plants, they wove bags, storage pouches, cording, mats, and nets. Most tribal houses were circular domes that had a central fire pit. The homes of several families tended to be clustered in small settlements, and included not only the houses, but also basketry granaries for storage of food, sweathouses, and often a ceremonial house. They were placed near springs or other water sources, and as near as possible to other resources.
Cahuilla,Serrano and Cupeno Indians
Mission Creek is named for the Cahuilla Serrano and Cupeno Bands of Indians who once roamed most of Southern California. Many of the clans were forcibly relocated to Missions San Gabriel in 1834 by Spanish Missionaries. The American Government again relocated the Cahuilla, Cupano and Serrano people to a system of reservation in 1875, including one on Mission Creek Reservation.
Dear President Trump
As a member of the Mission Creek Reservation, I want to congratulate you becoming President. I looked forward to the day that you took office, I understand the time restrictions that you have in these first one hundred days, I am writing to you so that you can understand our plight. In short ,Our Fathers were short changed, lied too, and deceived.
President Richard Nixon one week after the Termination Notice was given, which was published on July 8. 1970 Came out against the Termination policy, also congress had expressly repudiated the policy of terminating recognized Indian tribes, and has actively sought to end the practice in the 70's. The BIA and the Dept of the Interior, working against Mission Creek did surveying, and other mineral testing, and with held their finding from the Tribal Members, Stating that the water was bad, and not fit for human consumption, even some crops could not use the water
Mr. President. Their are many more things that were said and done, and some may ask, why did you wait so long, the answer is simple, We had to grow up, when you are young, you can't understand time limitations, and you don't know the law, our parents, Grand parents, did not understand the law, most could not even read English,
I read at one time that our water was used to build the Colorado River aqueduct, they build a pipe line so that they could use the water to mix the concrete with it. I am sure that they drank it also. Would you drink the Colorado river water?
Mr. President, Its seems we are going to have to spend thousands of dollars dealing with the BIA in Court, the funny thing about this is that the BIA recognized us on their web page as Recognized to the year 2013, when we started to ask questions about our status, they pull it down. We have many wonderful Projects that we would like to peruse, and most of the Grant money is for Recognized tribes, and you have to have land, our land was unlawfully taken from us. BIA and the Dept of the Interior having a solid understanding of the wealth of the land, along with their associates, had solid understanding of what they did to our forefathers. Dimly aware of their plight, being told that the water was bad, not fit to drink, not willing to fix the problem. To provide greater service to our people, putting restrictions, they felt they had no other course of action, then to sign over their land, some fought it, and lost, Once again I feel that history is going to repeat itself. That is why I am writing to you now, Please don't let history repeat it self again.
Historian of Mission Creek